As I'm sure you all know full well, early adoption of crypto is primarily speculative trading, so this post is gonna focus mainly on the problems with trading in this space right now (centralized exchanges, regulations, lack of investment products, etc), and how we can shift our mindsets as a community to put our money where our mouth is and rally behind startups doing the right things (decentralized exchanges, dApps, protocols and necessary infrastructure).
Why? Because for the first time in history we have a disruptive new technology that can really change the landscape in every industry imaginable, and we are at the stage where we're planting the seeds of these new products and companies, so why not support the right ones so we can realize the future we're all envisioning?
I recently wrote an article on this on Hackernoon here: https://hackernoon.com/its-time-to-address-the-massive-problems-of-centralized-exchanges-ac2cfb66bef8
, but I thought I'd expand on it and share my thoughts on how to move this space forward in terms of getting more dApp adoption and usage.
Who uses dApps anyways?
Blockgeeks just published a report on dApp usage for those interested, there is definitely some growth but since the bear market it has definitely tapered off: https://blockgeeks.com/guides/report-dapps-november-2018/
It's obviously nowhere near mainstream adoption, but it's a great start, so there's hope! There's definitely a ton of things that should immediately be addressed and are of high importance IMO, so I'm going to lay them out:
First, we need to address the massive problems of centralized exchanges
Bitcoin aside, the crypto space as a whole is still pretty young, the current experience of trading crypto assets is understandably a fragmented experience with scattered pockets of liquidity, and a highly technical and high friction process. But the irony is that we have the technology to avoid the security flaws that plague centralized exchanges and the adoption of crypto - decentralized trading.
There are a ton of centralized exchanges available to the public today, but a much smaller subset of these exchanges are properly regulated, not to mention trustworthy and reliable. I know the pro traders out there might say, "Well DEXes aren't fast enough, or I can't run bots on them yet". That's fair, but if you want to see them succeed some day, every trade helps. If it's a trade that you think is executable on a DEX, do it there instead of on a centralized one. That's how adoption happens, one user at a time.
While industry pioneers like Coinbase have pushed the space forward and newer entrants like Binance raised the bar for the alt-coin trading experience, the industry still suffers from constant hacks and malicious acts.
We need to stop relying on centralized trading/hot wallets as they are huge security risks As far as we know, over $1 billion worth of crypto assets have been hacked & stolen from centralized exchanges in 2018 alone
Here's the biggest incidents in 2018:
The root cause of this is that centralized wallets are increasingly large honeypots.
- $500 million worth of NEM stolen from Coincheck — The 2nd largest exchange in Japan
- $195 million hacked from BitGrail — Italian exchange and the first to list Nano (I myself was a victim of this)
- $45 million hacked from Binance — One of the largest global exchanges
- $40 million stolen in Coinrail hack — A boutique exchange in South Korea
- $60 million hacked from Zaif — Exchange in Japan
The nature of a centralized exchange dictates that some trusted third party is storing the crypto assets of its users to create a pool of liquidity, this being done mostly by aggregating funds into exchange-owned digital wallets where assets from users are pooled into.
Millions of people could lose not just money but also their identity and data handed over to centralized exchanges as well.
While we're still in a bear market this may not happen as frequent, but it's reasonable to be expect that in the next bull-run the frequency and severity of attacks will only rise and a scenario in which an attack as widespread as the recent 50 million user Facebook hack — where both private data and money were stolen — could happen. There's already plenty of exchanges that are careless with handling user identity, handing over your personal ID is not a trivial matter and exchanges should follow the best practices to store and secure them if they're asking for them.
Second, we need clearer, more sensible regulation that fosters innovation and protects investors
This may be an unpopular opinion around these parts, but sensible regulation is good for both the industry and users, to ensure exchanges coming online meet certain requirements, so we're not operating and trading in this wild wild west of shady exchanges.
People who trade today need to have a pretty damn high appetite and tolerance for risk, not to mention an acute ability to discern legitimate investments from the rampant exit scams and phishing attacks. (Just see yesterday's thread about the guy's dad who bought into Onecoin on the advice of a "friend").
The vague stance on the part of governments also means many crypto startups operate in a regulatory grey area (I have first hand experience with this working in the space). The SEC only recently clarified that they view Bitcoin and Ethereum as not a security token, meaning it wouldn’t be subject to existing securities laws.
IMO the current lack of regulatory clarity has lead to a low barrier of entry for operating crypto exchanges, however this is starting to change as seen with the recent EtherDelta SEC charges, they're clearly making a statement now that you need to follow the laws when you open an exchange.
But we can do better, and push lawmakers to create more defined rules that we need to play by, and at the same time educate them so they understand not just the technology, but the implications and potential use cases and how we can get there while allowing companies to innovate, new startups to rise, all while protecting consumers. That way we'll have more legal clarity as the industry matures that is business friendly.
Third, we need a more diversified set of investment products/options for crypto. More wealth generated = more growth and adoption
Up until recently, you were only able to purchase tokens on their own from an exchange. Today, we are starting to see an emergence of basic index funds such as the new Coinbase Bundle and Bitwise. It wasn’t until late 2017 that we saw the introduction of Bitcoin Futures from CBOE and CME.
We expect new companies to continue entering this arena, especially crypto ETFs (ie: Bakkt in Jan 2019 maybe?), as well as other attempts at index funds or derivatives.
There's a bunch of teams doing great stuff:
- Bitwise - They're one of the first crypto index funds
- Hodlbot - Another index fund
- Shrimpy - A way to automatically invest and rebalance your portfolio
- LakeProject - Working on AI driven investments that automatically build a portfolio for anyone (R&D phase)
Lastly, we need to punish greed and reward companies doing the right things
While it’s not a problem particularly limited to centralized exchanges, it’s been reported that listing a token can cost as much as $3 million. In contrast, listing a stock on NASDAQ costs $125k to $300k plus annual maintenance fees.
This is just one example of the greed exhibited by those who have leverage and the middlemen who stand to profit in between (consultants, brokers, ICO firms, etc). These high fees dampen innovation as they’re too great of a cost to bear for most token/ICO projects. This is crucial for most projects as they need liquidity to bootstrap their network and to remain favourable with the community that invested in them. At least 7 of the top 10 exchanges engaging in excessive wash trading from 12x to over 100x their true volume. Foul play
Plenty of centralized exchanges have been suspected and accused of wash trading (creating fake volume), insider trading, and price manipulation. High user trading fees
As centralized exchanges carry more risk, and have more opaque control of their platform, they often charge higher fees compared to a decentralized exchange. Withdrawal limits
Centralized exchanges impose a withdrawal limit, as a security measure to limit the amount that can be withdrawn at once. However, there’s also a misalignment of incentives, as they stand to benefit when you keep your funds locked on their platform so they can maximize trading fees
There's a bunch of great projects and base layer infrastructure that people should look into and support, not just the protocols but also startups building on top of them, some of my fav protocols include:
- 0x Project - Powering decentralized exchanges for tokens, NFTs, etc
- Set protocol - These guys are building a protocol to allow anyone to easily bundle any assets to create more sophisticated investment products
- dYdX Protocol - This allows anyone to integrate margin trading and derivatives in their dApp
- Dharma protocol - This protocol facilitates lending in a decentralized way
- Compound protocol - A money market protocol that allows hodlers to earn interest on their tokens
- Cosmos Network - Working on blockchain interoperability and tooling around Ethereum and Web3
Personally I'm working in one of the many, many startups in the space trying to build on top of these decentralized infrastructures to give everyone a more seamless experience to access, trade, and use crypto. But you can imagine how hard it is to gain any traction much less build a sustainable business especially in a bear market like this, and when everyone has either completely lost their motivation or still flocking to centralized exchanges to chase pumps knowing full well the risks and unethical practices. Cool story, what are you doing about it?
I work with a team called the LakeProject, and we're a group of people that came together because we believe that decentralized platforms will address a lot of these concerns, so we're putting our money where our mouth is and building them. If you want to help or learn more about what we're doing here's our site: http://lakeproject.co
. We also built our first decentralized product here which is a trading platform built on 0x: https://trade.lakeproject.co
In conclusion - Vote with your money and your time, it makes a difference
I hope this post made sense and I made somewhat of a decent case (?) on why we need to shift our mindset from simply trading and hodling to proactively choosing where to participate, what dApps to use, and which startups to support.
IMHO this is key for adoption and it will seriously help startups (like ours) to grow and be able to make a difference in the industry and push forward and pioneer a new paradigm of operating a decentralized business. I think everyone in the space right now is still learning and trying to understand how that might look in the future, but the more support and usage we get, the sooner we'll learn and the brighter our future will be.
If you've gotten this far, thanks for putting up with my clickbaity title and reading this thread :)
The Monetary Authority of Singapore has been studying cryptocurrency developments and there is no strong case to ban crypto trading, a high-ranking government official told lawmakers. The adoption of regulations in other countries in the region has increased pressure on authorities in the city-state to clarify their stance on bitcoin, as more crypto companies in ... It wasn’t just Binance that was looking for a friendlier jurisdiction and low corporate tax rates — which is set at 5%, the lowest in the EU. More crypto companies soon began relocating to the island, including fellow exchanges OKEx and BitBay. On Nov. 1, 2018, the cryptocurrency framework finally came into effect — but instead of getting the long-awaited clarity, local players were left ... The crypto-friendly nation of Japan has once again set the par for the course after announcing significant upgrades to their Initial Coin Offering (ICO) framework. The country was among the first to acknowledge cryptocurrencies and now, they have paved the way for further expansion of the security token sector. Japan’s Financial Services Agency amended both […] The Chinese Arbiter from Beijing tried to clarify the government’s stance on Bitcoin and stated that the world’s most controversial crypto ban is not a ban per se. In our latest bitcoin news today, we try and find out what exactly does a ban mean. The European Union has taken a relatively friendly stance towards cryptocurrencies, and has been rewarded by a lot of local investment by exchanges unable to establish banking relationships elsewhere. There are murmurings that the EU will move towards a more restrictive regulatory stance within the next year, but as of yet murmurings they remain. Best Bitcoin Exchanges in the Eurozone. Open ... Maltese regulators will likely clarify their stance on Binance in the coming days. They are no doubt aware of the tremendous potential of having a close relationship with the world’s largest crypto exchange. Exactly what this relationship will look like moving forward remains to be seen. Japan’s top financial regulator has clarified to news.Bitcoin.com its stance on bitcoin exchange-traded funds (ETFs), cryptocurrency derivatives, and upcoming regulatory changes. This follows reports that the agency may be considering approving an ETF that tracks cryptocurrencies. Some members of the society are already calling for regulations clarity, with specific demand on Taiwan’s FSC regarding its stance on bitcoin and cryptocurrency. Most vocal is the Democratic Progressive Party member of the Legislative Yuan, Yu Wanju, who has petitioned the FSC to categorically state whether Cryptos and Bitcoin-related financial activities are legal in Taiwan or not. BINANCE CEO GIVES SHARP REPLY. Zhou’s comments are surprising, as Binance has had an office in Malta since 2018. The company has also taken a series of steps that indicate integration with the Maltese economy, such as funding a malta-based cryptocurrency bank, and working with the Maltese stock exchange. Although some jurisdictions have yet to clarify their stance on bitcoin and taxes, most tax authorities say that you have to pay taxes on profits that you may make when selling bitcoin for cash. And lest you think you can simply ignore those rules, keep in mind that some bitcoin exchanges will report your profits to the tax man when you cash out. Fees. Most of the BTC-to-bank-account methods ...
[Anchor Lead] In July 2019, Japan imposed restrictions on Korea-bound exports. Tokyo has shown no response to Seoul's request to clarify its stance on the matter by late May this year. The Korean ... French/Nat European Union and Japanese leaders met in Paris Monday to promote commercial and political ties. Fresh from the G7 Summit in Halifax, Japanese Prime Minister Tomiichi Murayama sat down ... The video has been pulled down after I sent them a tweet to clarify. They had used that Fs6 accelerator Website to PITCH their idea, resulting in winning the MIT award and then getting a $1M Grant ... But Abe's critics in Japan accuse him of using Korea to rally right-wing supporters behind him and his nationalist party ahead of the upper house election set for later this month. Other digital assets include Bitcoin (BTC) and Ether (ETH), comprising 30% and 20%, respectively, based on a chart from SBI’s presentation. B2C2 claims to be the “largest market maker in XRP” We are experiencing a bit of a bitcoin pullback, but that is okay! In this video we go over charts and analysis that can be used to set entry points for buying in BTC. As always, be smart with ... Hi! Welcome to Mr & Mrs Gao's family fun channel.I am Gao,or you can call me Godspeed. Hope you can enjoy our videos, and I will make it everyday. Don't forg... Bitcoin.com’s stance on the recent block reward diversion proposals - Duration: 14:21. Bitcoin.com - Official Channel 3,879 views. New; 14:21. Money Laundering 101 💰 How Criminals Use Bitcoin ... Russia's Financial Action Task Force appears to be working on a forthcoming paper that will clarify the country's stance on Bitcoin and other digital currencies, aggregating extensive research ... According to reports, Prime Minister of India Narenda Modi participated in cryptocurrency discussions at the recently held G20 Summit in Osaka, Japan. The leaders of the G20 countries, including ...